React vs React Native: How React Is Different From React Native?
You name it, they have it. React Native has a huge customer base and these success stories clearly show the popularity of React Native.
React Native powers thousands of apps ranging from startups to Fortune 500 companies. React is the most wanted web framework desired by one in four developers. Source: stackoverflow.com
React and React Native both are immensely popular and widely used technologies developed and maintained by Meta and the community (formerly Facebook). While both these technologies have the same names and origins, both are different and used for different purposes.
In this article, we are talking about React Native vs Reactjs and outline the difference in React and React Native.
Let’s start with the introduction of both these technologies.
React is also known as Reactjs or React.js.
React web framework is designed specifically for building user interfaces and frontend parts for web applications. Thus, it requires additional libraries to build an end-to-end application.
React was created by Jordan Walke, a software engineer at Facebook. It was open-sourced at JSConf US in May 2013.
What Is React Native?
React Native is an open-source UI software framework created by Meta Platforms, Inc. It enables developers to use React to build truly native apps for Android, iOS, macOS, Web, Windows, and UWP.
It is popular for its native development capabilities and cross-platform features that make development faster, easier, and cost-effective.
React Native has been successful at raising the bar for cross-platform mobile app development with its powerful features.
A lot of developers around the world use React Native for native mobile app experiences that are easy to build, scale, and deliver.
Before we begin, let us first clarify the fundamental concept.
React Native is based on React.
React targets web whereas React Native targets mobile app development using React. However, Meta and the community have extended this technology to desktop and virtual reality, making React Native’s many platform vision a reality.
Highlighting Key Difference:
One of the key differences between React Native and React lies in its architectural design. React makes use of Virtual DOM. Simplifying this, React makes it easy for the pages to be rendered with subcomponents that are changed or updated.
React creates an in-memory data structure cache, computes the resulting difference, and then updates the browser’s DOM. This selective rendering of changed subcomponents makes React super fast. This process is called reconciliation.
React Native does not work this way. It doesn’t manipulate the DOM through the Virtual DOM. Instead, it runs in the background process and communicates with the native platform through serialized data over an asynchronous bridge.
Library vs Framework:
ReactJS makes use of CSS for Styling whereas React Native styling has a similar syntax to CSS for styling elements.
React JS provides high security compared to React Native as React Native deals with native APIs to render platform-specific views and build cross-platform apps.
React vs React Native: A Quick Comparison
We have seen how React And React Native are similar and also discussed the difference between React and React native.
React is the heart of React Native and we can say that React Native is just an extended part of React.
Now, let’s see the advantages and disadvantages of both these technologies so you will have a better idea of their usage and applications.
What Are The Advantages of React?
- Reusable components that help create web apps faster
- High-performance web apps
- Great community support
- Easy to learn and use
- Component-based architecture
- A wide range of additional libraries and extensions
- SEO-friendly functionalities
- Faster loading of web pages
- One-way (unidirectional) data binding
Advantages Of React Native:
- Cross-platform compatibility
- Hot Reloading for instantly viewing the changes
- Faster and efficient UI development
- Modular architecture for separation of concerns
- Reliable, flexible, and supports many platforms
- Easy access to third-party libraries and pre-built components
- A large community of developers
Each framework or technology has its pros and cons. Let’s see the limitations of each.
Disadvantages Of React:
- It is just a library, not a full-featured framework
- Constant evolvement and changes in React make developers regularly relearn things
- Not proper documentation
- JSX is not preferred by several developers due to its complexity
What Are The Disadvantages Of React Native?
- Debugging issues due to different environments package compatibility
- Lack of custom modules
- Native resources are still required
- Steep learning curve
- A small number of libraries and ready-made components
React Native vs Reactjs: Which Is Better?
The answer is quite clear as the usage of both these technologies is different. React is used for building powerful, reliable, and feature-rich web applications, and React Native which is based on React, is used for cross-platform app development.
React and React Native – both power many world-famous applications and are widely used to create modern, scalable web and mobile apps.
It is one of the big open-source communities in the development world to make app development faster, efficient, and secure.